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Finsbury 1937

[Report of the Medical Officer of Health for Finsbury Borough]


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94 tables in this report

  • Page 2
  • Page 10
    SECTION A. Statistics and Social Conditions of the Area.
  • Page 12
    The Chief Officer of Public Assistance of the London County Council has kindly given me the following details as to the number of persons resident in Finsbury who were in receipt of domiciliary relief during the last week of each quarter of 1936-7:—
    Last week of quarter.Number of persons in receipt of domiciliary relief (excluding medical relief only).Number of persons in receipt of medical relief only.
  • Page 13
    The steady improvement in the employment position for the Borough of Finsbury during the last few years was well maintained in 1937 as the following statement will show:—
  • Page 14
    Estimate of Population, 1937.
    Estimated population 1937.Census population 1931.Census population 1921.
  • Page 15
    Births and Birth Rates. These are given in the annexed table:—
    Year.Population in the middle of each year.Corrected Births.Corrected Births Rates.
  • Page 15
    The rates for the various districts in 1937 were as follows:-
    Population.Births.Birth Rate.
  • Page 17
    The table below gives particulars of th; stillbirths allocated to the Borough registered last year:—
  • Page 18
    Death Rates, 1912-1937.
    Year.The Borough.Year.The Borough.
  • Page 19
    Deaths, 1937.
    Causes of Death.All Ages.0-1-2-5-15-25-35-45-55-65-75-
  • Page 20
    From the previous table it will be seen that the chief causes of death were as follows:—
    No. of Deaths.
  • Page 20
    The following table shows the number of deaths from cancer and the death rates for the last 12 years. At the beginning of the century the death rate was 0.70 per 1,000:—
    Year.No. of Deaths.Death Rate.
  • Page 20
    Inquests. Inquests were held on 50 residents of the Borough last year as compared with 53 in 1936. The table below gives the findings of the inquests:—
  • Page 21
    Continued from previous page...
  • Page 21
    Deaths of Persons 1-5 Years. Sixteen deaths occurred last year of persons between the ages of one and five years. The deaths were ascribed to the following causes:-
  • Page 22
    Comparative Table. The following table shows the general birth and death rates and infant mortality in each of the Metropolitan Boroughs:—
    Borough.Estimated Resident Population (mid-1937).Live Births Rate per 1,000 Population.Death Rate per 1,000 Population.Infantile Mortality Rate per 1,000 Live Births.
  • Page 28
    Attendances at the Clinics and classes in 1937 :—
    Leage Street.Pine Street.
  • Page 28
    At the various clinics numbers were allocated as follows:—
    Leage Street.Pine Street.
  • Page 29
    Continued from previous page...
  • Page 34
    The cases nursed by the Metropolitan District Nursing Association in 1937 for the Public Health and the Maternity and Child Welfare Committees were as follows :—
    Maternity.Public Health.
  • Page 39
    The number of visits paid by the Health Visitors to babies and children under 5 years last year, was as follows —
    DistrictFirst Births.Total Births.Total Visits to Children under 1 year.Total Visits to Children aged 1-5 years.
  • Page 39
    The visits paid in the past five years by the Council's Health Visitors are tabulated below:—
    Year.No. of District Health Visitors.Visits to Children under 1 year.Visits to Children aged 1-5 years.Total Visits.
  • Page 41
    Foster Mothers. The following is a list of the persons in Finsbury who accept for reward the care of children under the provisions of the Public Health (London) Act, 1936:—
    Name of Foster Mother.Address.Number of children under 9 years of age in care of foster mothers on 31st Dec., 1937.Approved number of nurse children.
  • Page 41
    The following number of Notices were received during 1937:—
  • Page 43
    Ophthalmia Neonatorum.
    No. of Cases notified 1937Cases treatedNo. Vision unimpairedNo. Vision impairedTotal BlindnessNo. of Deaths
    at Homein Hospital
  • Page 43
    Puerperal Pyrexia and Fever. Out of 842 Finsbury births notified in 1937, there were 14 cases of Puerperal Pyrexia and three cases of Puerperal Fever. The causes were as follows:—
  • Page 44
    The statistics for puerperal fever for previous years are appended:—
    Years.1912 -211922 -261927 -31193219331934193519361937Total.
  • Page 45
    A summary of the meetings held in 1937 is appended:—
    Centre.No. of Meetings.Attendances.Average Attendance.No. of Babies and Children up to 5 years.
  • Page 52
    The amounts of the annual contribution are as follows:—
    AssociationAmount of Grant
  • Page 56
    Infant Mortality, 1937—Causes of Death.
    Cause of Death.0-1 weeks.1-2 weeks.2-3 weeks.3-4 weeks.Total under four weeks.1-3 mths.3-6 mths.6-9 mths.9-12 mths.Total under one year.Clerkenwell.St. Luke.St. Sepul.
  • Page 59
    Infant Deaths, 1911-37. The deaths of infants allocated to the various diseases since 1911 are given in the following table:—
    Diseases.1911 -20.1921 -25.1926 -30.1931 -35.1936.1937.Total.
  • Page 60
    The following table compares Finsbury with London and England and Wales generally:—
  • Page 60
    The infant mortality rates for the period 1909 to 1937 arranged according to districts, are given in the subjoined table:—
    Year.The Borough.Clerkenwell.St. Luke's.St. Sepulchre.
  • Page 61
    The figures for previous years are annexed:—
    Year.Corrected Births.Corrected Deaths.Infant Mortality.
  • Page 61
    Midwifery Scheme. I have set out below the number of Finsbury cases attended by the three Hospitals included in the Council's Scheme, 1937.
    Total No. of cases.No. admitted to hospital.
  • Page 62
    The analysis of the remaining Finsbury births in 1937 is as follows:—
    Voluntary Hospitals:—In-patient.Out-patient.
  • Page 63
    The following were the conditions calling for admission in the 190 cases which were charged as in-patients under the Council's Midwifery Scheme:— Maternal Causes.
  • Page 64
    The following attendances were made last year:—
  • Page 65
    Below I have indicated the number of cases attended by the municipal home helps since the beginning of the scheme in 1929.
    Year.No. of Cases.
  • Page 66
    The following table sets forth the maternal death rates for Finsbury for the past eight years under the two headings (1) from Puerperal Sepsis, (2) from Puerperal Sepsis and other Puerperal Causes:—
    From Puerperal Sepsis. (Rates per 1,000 live births.)From Puerperal Sepsis and other Puerperal Causes. (Rates per 1,000 live births.) Total Puerperal Mortality.
    Year.Finsbury.London.England & Wales.Finsbury.London.England & Wales.
  • Page 74
    Statement relating to the Work at the Finsbury and Pentonville School Treatment Centres, 1037:— Finsbury Centre, 31, Spencer Street, E.C.I.
    Ailment.No. of cases treated.No. of attendances made.
  • Page 75
    Routine Medical Inspection of Elementary School Children in Finsbury.
    Age Groups.Number ExaminedClothing and boots.Nutrition.Cleanliness of head.Cleanliness of body.Teeth.Vision.
    GoodFairPoorGoodAverageBelow NormalBadCleanNitsPediculiCleanDirtyPediculiAll SoundLess than 4 Decayed4 or more Decayed6 /6 in both Eyes6/9 in either or both Eyes6/12 or worse in either or both Eyes
  • Page 76
    Examination of Elementary School Children in Finsbury.
    Number examinedEntrantsAge 7Age 11Age 14EntrantsAge 7Age 11Age 14
  • Page 81
    The district work of the Sanitary Inspectors during 1937 is presented below in tabular form:—
    Mr. NormanMr. NewdickMr. LayMr. JenkinsMr. WardMr. LongdenMr. ClintonTotals
  • Page 82
    Continued from privious page..
    Mr. NormanMr. NewdickMr. LayMr. JenkinsMr. WardMr. LongdenMr. ClintonTotals
  • Page 82
    Details of the Work of the Lady Sanitary Inspector during 1937.
  • Page 83
    Summary of Matters for which Notices were Served:—
  • Page 83
    One hundred and twenty-eight plans were deposited last year. These related to:—
  • Page 85
    Details of Defects and Defaults in Factories, Workshops and Workplaces, for which Notices were Served in 1937.
  • Page 86
    Inspection of Factories, Workshops and Workplaces.
    Premises.Inspections.Written Notices.Prosecutions
  • Page 86
    Defects Found in Factories, Workshops and Workplaces.
    Particulars.FoundRemediedReferred to H.M. InspectorNo. of Prosecutions
  • Page 88
    Finsbury Outworkers Notified During 1937. (List sent in twice yearly.)
    Trade.Con tractors.Homeworkers.Totals.
  • Page 90
    The following table shows the work under this heading during the year 1937.
  • Page 94
    The following table gives statistics relating to the inspection of canal boats for the past 6 years:—
    Year.Boats InspectedPersons found on boatsTotalRegistered for.
  • Page 95
    THE SHOPS ACT, 1934. At the end of the year there were some 1,341 premises within the Borough to which the Act applies, distributed as follows:—
  • Page 96
    The summary below indicates the work carried out under the Act during the year:—
  • Page 101
    Persons Attending St. Pancras Cleansing Station for Seven Year, 1931 to 1937.
  • Page 105
    The annual census of homeless persons in London was taken in the night of 21st February and arrangements were made for a census to be taken at the two common lodging houses in the Borough with the following result:—
  • Page 107
    L. Inspection of Dwelling-houses during the year :—
  • Page 108
    Continued from previous page...
  • Page 109
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  • Page 112
    The following summary gives particulars of the applications dealt with last year in the Town Clerk's Department:—
  • Page 113
    The figures in respect of the registration of Milkshops are set out below:—
  • Page 114
    The following licences were granted last year :—
  • Page 116
    Fifteen samples of ice-cream were examined last year bacteriologically, and the results are summarised below :—
  • Page 117
    Samples of the milk delivered to the schools is taken regularly and sent for analysis to the public analyst (under the Food anc Drugs (Adulteration) Act) and the results are shown below.
    Schools at which Samples taken.No. of Samples.Result.
  • Page 118
    Summary of foodstuffs seized by or surrendered to the meat inspector during 1937 :—
  • Page 118
    Imported Mutton and Lamb (Caseous Lymphadenitis) :—
  • Page 119
    The annual amount of meat and offal seized and surrendered by the Meat Inspector in Finsbury from 1927 to 1937 has been as follows:—
    Year.Diseased Meat. Tons.Diseased Offal. Tons.Decomposed Meat. Tons.Decomposed Offal. Tons.Total. Tons.
  • Page 140
    Bacteriological Examinations.
  • Page 144
    The following is a summary of the number of registered premises in the Borough at the end of year:—
    No. of Premises.
  • Page 144
    The number of official samples taken during 1937 was 600, of which the following is a summary:—
    Name of Article.Gen.Adult.TotalName of Article.Gen.Adult.Total
  • Page 145
    The statistics for previous years are subjoined:—
    Year.Total examined.Genuine.Adulterated.Percentage of adulterated samples.
  • Page 148
    Case Rates of Infectious Diseases per 1,000 Living:—
    Finsbury.London.England and Wales.
  • Page 149
    All ages.Under 1 yr.1-5 yrs.5-15 yrs.15-25 yrs.25-45 yrs.45-65 yrs.65 +Clerk-enwell.St. Luke.St. Sepul.Total removals to hospital.
  • Page 150
    Proceedings under the Vaccination Acts, 1867 to 1898 for 1936.
  • Page 151
    Those cases wrongly diagnosed were found to be suffering from:—
  • Page 151
    The particulars of cases for the last 10 years are subjoined:—
    Year.No. of Cases.No. of Deaths.Case Mortality. No. of Deaths per 100 Cases.No. of Cases per 10,000 of Population.No. of Deaths per 10,000 of Population.
  • Page 153
    The particulars of cases for the last 10 years are appended:—
    Year.No. of Cases.No. of Deaths.Case Mortality No. of Deaths per 100 Cases notified.No. of Cases per 10,000 of Population.No. of Deaths per 10,000 of Population.
  • Page 156
    The following table gives comparative figures for the past four years:—
    Year.No. of New Cases.No. Schick Tested.No. Treated without Schick Test.No. Immunisation Completed.Nos. Discontinued Treatment.Nos. Re-Schicked.No. under Treatment at end of Year.
  • Page 158
    Comparative Table.—The following table gives comparative figures of deaths in children under 5 years from measles, whooping cough, and other infectious diseases:—
    Period.Measles.Whooping Cough.SmallpoxScarlet Fever.Diphtheria
  • Page 160
    These cases are only admitted to the isolation hospitals in exceptional circumstances.
  • Page 163
    The following table shows the number of deaths from cancer and the death rates for the last 10 years. At the beginning of the century the death rate was 581 per 1,000.
    Year.No. of Deaths.Death Rate.
  • Page 164
    Pulmonary Tuberculosis.—The following information isofinterest as throwing some light on the approximate duration of cases of tuberculosis of the lungs after notification.
  • Page 165
    Tuberculosis Notification Register. The total new cases of Tuberculosis, both pulmonary and non-pulmonary entered on the register in 1937 numbered 129. The age period details were as follows:—
    Age Periods.0-1-5-10-15-20-25-35-45-55-65-Total
  • Page 165
    The number of cases remaining on the register of notifications at 31st December, 1937, was as follows:—
  • Page 165
    The numbers of notifications and deaths of Finsbury cases of Phthisis since 1901 in ten-year periods are appended:— PHTHISIS NOTIFICATIONS AND DEATHS 1901-1935.
    Year.Average No. of Primary Notifications.Average No. of Cases Notified per 10,000 of Inhabitants.Average No. of Deaths.Average Death Rate per 1,000.
  • Page 167
    Year.Finsbury Deaths from Phthisis.Finsbury Deaths from other forms of Tuberculosis.Phthisis Death Rates per 1,000 Inhabitants.
    Finsbury.England and Wales.
  • Page 168
    Comparative Table—Total Deaths and Deaths from Tuberculosis (All Forms), 1918-1937.
    Year.Total Deaths.Deaths from Tuberculosis.Tuberculosis precentage levied on the total deaths.
  • Page 170
    Below will be found a summary of the work of tiie Tuberculosis Dispensary in 1937 :—
    Cases other than Contacts.Pulmonary.Non-Pulmonary.Total.
  • Page 172
    * These persons were treated in the following institutions:—
  • Page 176
    Number of cases on Contacts Register.
    Infants (under 5).School Age (5-14).Adolescents (14-25).Total (0-25).
  • Page 184
  • Page 186
    Date.Name and Address of DefendantOffence.Result.