London's Pulse: Medical Officer of Health reports 1848-1972

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Greenwich 1856

[Report of the Medical Officer of Health for Greenwich District]

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From which you will perceive that 24 deaths arose from Scarlet
Fever, 47 from Measles, 77 from Hooping-cough, 14 from Smallpox,
90 from Diarrhœa, 1 registered as Cholera (which is somewhat
doubtful, as the patient was upwards of 80 years of age, and had
partaken of improper food whilst suffering from Diarrhœa), 79 from
Typhus Fever, 661 from Heart and Chest Affections, 1 from
Influenza, and 832 from all other diseases. 71 Inquests were also
registered during the year.
The principal feature to be observed in the registration ot the
deaths of the whole year, is the enormous amount of infantile
mortality. 760 deaths took place amongst children under 10 years
of age; which, after excluding the deaths occurring in the Hospitals
and Union Workhouse, will amount to more than one-half of the
deaths registered from the different Parishes in the District.
From the following tables will be seen the number of births
and deaths that were registered in the District during the same year.
I have been unable to ascertain the relative number of males
and females born in the District, but according to a rule, which,
invariably holds good in all other Districts, the number of males
exceed that of females. We may, therefore, fairly conclude that
such has been the case in this District.

The relative number of males and females that died in the District were in the following proportions, viz,:—
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1st.—Table showing the total number of births and deaths in the District:—

Greenwich.St. Paul, Deptford.St. Nicholas, Deptford.Total.
Excess of Births over Deaths48624157829
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