London's Pulse: Medical Officer of Health reports 1848-1972

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St Martin-in-the-Fields 1862

[Report of the Medical Officer of Health for St. Martin-in-the-Fields]

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Report on the Health of the Pariah of St. Martin-in-theFields
for the Year 1862.
The population of St Martin-in-thc-Fields diminished
in number 1,951, in the ten years between the Census
of 1851 and that of 1861—from 24,640 in the former
year to 22,689 in the latter. This diminution of population
has been chiefly caused by the destruction of old
houses in widening streets, opening new thoroughfares,
and the improvement of some of the more densely
inhabited parts of the parish. This falling off in the
population will account for a diminution in the number
of births; in addition to this cause, the gross number
of our deaths should have fallen off in a greater ratio,
from the attention to sanitary measures in the last ten
years. The actual numbers for three years at different
periods stand thus: in the three years, 1840, 1841,
and 1842, the total of deaths was 1,868. In the three
years, 1850, 1851, and 1852, the total was 1,760. In
the three last years, 1860, 1861, and 1862, the total
was 1,705, showing a diminution in the last ten years
of 55, and in the preceding ten years of 108.


Watering streets607119
Repairs to Streets, Roads, &c.:—£s.d.
Carriage-way paving1,894160
Footway do.148186
Macadamized roads1,2131111
Works at Vestry Hall11199
Miscellaneous works4899
Repairs to pumps410
Whitewashing courts8171
Petty cash by Surveyor608
Inspector's salary (two-thirds charged to this rate)6968

Works Executed and Chargeable upon the "Sewers Rate."


Duke's Court.—New River Company, for water, five quarters, to Lady-day, 1863, 821,058 gallons, at 6d. per 1000 gallons20106
Rent of water meter0126
Repairs (Mr. Kendall)096
Whitcomb Court.—New River Company, for water, five quarters, to Lady-day, 1863, 58,000 gallons, at 6d. per 1,000 gallons190
Rent of water meter0126
Vinegar Yard.—New River Company, for water, five quarters, to Lady-day, 1863, 101,220 gallons, at 6d. per 1,000 gallons .2108
Rent of water meter0126
Banbury Court.—Repairs (Mr. North)0132
Langley Court.—Ditto, ditto200
Sundry Repairs.— (Mr. Flood)016
Parish labourers, cleansing and Hushing urinals, &c4596