London's Pulse: Medical Officer of Health reports 1848-1972

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West Ham 1934

[Report of the Medical Officer of Health for West Ham]

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Notified Causes of Deaths under One Year of Age.

Congenital debility, prematurity, malformation110
Pneumonia and Bronchitis77
Diarrhoea, Digestive Diseases, etc33
Whooping Cough4
Cerebro Spinal Meningitis3
Deaths from violence2
Other defined diseases20

During 1934 there was a severe epidemic of Measles which
caused a remarkable increase in the deaths from Pneumonia, in
addition to those deaths notified primarily as due to Measles.
Again an unduly large proportion of the deaths are due to
prematurity and congenital defects, although the number is considerably
less than that for 1933, viz. 110 out of 284 deaths in 1934,
as compared with 128 out of 284 deaths in 1933.

An analysis was made of the age groups of the mothers of those childrenwho have died under one year of age, and the results of this analysis are appended below:—

Age Group of Mothers.Number of Infant Deaths
Under 20 years22
21—25 years81
26—30 years76
31—35 years50
36—40 years35
41—45 years18
46—50 years2

Causes ol Death amongst children from 1—5 years of age.
Total number of deaths from 1—5 years of age during 1934
was 196. The large increase over the number of deaths in 1933
for the corresponding age period was chiefly attributable to the
epidemic of Measles mentioned previously; diphtheria continued
prevalent throughout the year.