Hints from the Health Department. Leaflet from the archive of the Society of Medical Officers of Health. Credit: Wellcome Collection, London
[Report of the Medical Officer of Health for Romford RDC]
outlying parts supplied by ponds Negociations have been conducted
with the South Essex Water Compauy to extend their mains to the
village, but without success, hitherto.
Hornchurch.—Large village and scattered groups of houses
extending over a large parochial area. Part of the parish adjoining
and actually forming part of the town of Romford. Stands mostly
on gravel, partly on clay, and some small part, running down to the
river Thames, on alluvium. Population (estimated) 7,700. Principally
agricultural. Foundry and brewery in the village, and an increasing
number of residents having their occupation in London. The village
itself has been fairly free from zymotic disease this year, but outlying
parts, Harold Wood, South and North Hornchuroh, have had rather a
large number of cases of infectious disease, notably Scarlet Fever and
Diphtheria. Birth-rate, 29.5. Death-rate, 10.5. Death-rate from
zymotic disease, 0.4.
Upminster, Cranham, and Corbets Tey.—Adjacent villages
standing on high ground, mostly brick earth, some gravel. Population
2,100. Agricultural. Water supply from South Essex Water Company.
Some parts badly supplied, and negociations now going on to improve
this condition in possible localities. Birth-rate, 19.04. Death-rate 8.5.
Death-rate from zymotic disease, 04. A large tract of land at
Upminster is being laid out for building, on which it is expected that a
large number of houses will shortly be erected. This will necessitate
some extension or alteration of the present sewerage outfall works.
Great Warley stands high on London clay. The most thickly
populated part of the parish forms part of the town of Brentwood, the
large and less populated area having scattered houses and groups of
houses. Population 2,110. Agricultural. Water supply mainly from
South Essex Water Company. Birth-rate, 36.01. Death-rate, 8.5.
Death-rate from zymotic disease, Nil.
Rainham and Wennington lie low on gravel and alluvium at
the edge of the Thames. Marshy. Villages of 2,400 inbabitauts,
employed in agriculture, factory, and riverside work. Tidal stream