London's Pulse: Medical Officer of Health reports 1848-1972

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London County Council 1901

[Report of the Medical Officer of Health for London County Council]

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16. Harlesden-lane, near Royal
17. Toynbee Hall, Commercial-
street, E.
18. Kilburn Provident Medical
Institute, 1, Grevilleroad,
19. Saxby and Farmer's Signal
Works, Canterbury-road,
20. Queen's-park-station,
burn, L. & N.W. Railway
21. Brondeebury-station,
politan Railway
22. West Hampstead railway-
23. Swiss Cottage railway-
24. St. Mark's Schools, Violet-
25. 112, Shirland-road, Pad-
Aehford litter, stretcher, etc.
Stretchers and first aid appliances
Ashford litter, stretcher, etc.
St. John Ambulance litter
At all hours.
9 a.m. to 11 p.m.
These eight stations were
established and are kept
up by No. 9 District
Metropolitan Centre of
the St. John Ambulance
At these stations, except the first three on the list, there are no men on duty. They are merely
stations containing appliances available for the use of the public by anyone who knows where the
stations are situated and how to use the appliances. These stations are periodically inspected by
officials of the St. John Ambulance Association to see that the appliances are in proper working order.
At the first three stations the staff in attendance is as follows—
At St. John's-gate —There are several paid officials as well as volunteers.
At St. Paul's Cathedral—One paid official.
At the Duncan Memorial—One paid official.
At the first of these, viz., St. John's-gate, the ambulance appliances include ambulance wagons,
but these are not available for use in cases of accidents occurring in London day by day. Their use
is limited to occasions of great public gatherings such as Lord Mayor's Day or the Jubilee processions,
or for invalid transport across London from one railway terminus to another or to private houses.
At all the other stations the appliances include only hand ambulances.
The intention of the association may be understood from the organisation which has been
developed in Kilburn. The Kilburn Provident Medical Institute is a central station at which are
placed a Furley wheeled litter, a stretcher, an invalid chair, and an ambulance hamper; in
neighbouring parts of the district are branch stations at which are deposited stretchers, thus medical
aid can be obtained at the central station and first aid assistance from volunteers scattered throughout
the district.
This is the beginning of a fairly complete system for London, but the association cannot with
its present opportunities organise this throughout the metropolis. The idea is undoubtedly a good
one, it would make stretchers available in all parts, and litters or the wheels upon which stretchers
could be placed within easy reach of any locality where an accident happened; and would ensure the
removal of the injured by skilled persons competent to undertake this duty.
It will be seen from what has been said above that the functions undertaken by the St. John
Ambulance Association are—
(1.) The training of men and women in ambulance and first aid work.
(2.) The organising of an ambulance and first aid service for use in connection with
large assemblages of persons on the occasions of public processions or other gatherings, the
appliances such as ambulance wagons, litters and temporary dressings, as well as the staff
volunteers, being provided by the association. This work is carried out in conjunction with
the police.
(3.) Invalid transport.
(4.) The establishment in different parts of the metropolis of stations fitted with hand
ambulance appliances, which are available for use in cases of emergency by the public or the
police. No staff is kept at these with three exceptions.
(2.) The Bischojjsheim ambulance service of London (formerly known as the Hospitals
Association Street Ambulance Service).
This service was established in 1890, and has been conducted at the expense of Mr. H. L.
The Association has prepared a scheme for placing a wheeled litter and stores at different places
throughout the metropolis, which are available for use by the police or other persons who have
knowledge of their situation and knowledge of how to use the appliances.
The Hospitals Association differs from the St. John Ambulance Association in that it takes
no part in the training of bearers and those who can render first aid, and in that it does not make any
special preparations for special occasions when a large concourse of persons is expected. It is
concerned only with making provision of hand ambulances for use at any and all times.