London's Pulse: Medical Officer of Health reports 1848-1972

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London County Council 1900

[Report of the Medical Officer of Health for London County Council]

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The demand for brick graves is small. The total interments during 1897 was—


(151.) Marylebone cemetery.
The cemetery is situated in East-end-road, East Finchley, on elevated ground, having a
cousiderable slope towards the south-west.
The soil consists at the upper part of very dry and hard clay, chalky in character and
containing many flints (boulder clay), and at the lower part of gravel and sand.
The cemetery is drained at depths varying from 12 to 25 feet. Each grave is connected
with the system of drains, which is provided with a flushing tank at the higher level, and is
freelv ventilated by means of man-holes and of ventilators brought to the surface of the ground.
The contents of the drains, after precipitation and filtration through specially-prepared filter
bads, discharge into a brook tributary of the river Brent.
The total area of the cemetery is 40 acres, and there are quite 20 acres of virgin ground,
consisting of separate plots of fair size.
The area of all grave spaces is 9 feet by 4 feet. The depths of private graves vary from
10 to 16 feet. Common graves are 15 to 20 feet in depth, eight bodies being buried in a grave
of the maximum depth. Children are buried in the upper portion of adult common graves.

The number of brick graves required has decreased. The number of interments in 1897 was—


(152.) Paddington cemetery—Opened 1855.
This cemetery is situated at Kilburn, on the south-west side of Willesden-lane. The land
around the cemetery is now, for the most part, occupied by houses, except towards the west.
The surface of the ground has a fair fall. The soil consists entirely of London clay.
Drains are laid at depths varying from 10 feet at the lower and 25 feet at the higher part of the
cemetery. Each brick grave and all common graves are connected with the drains, which join the
local sewers.
The total area of the cemetery is 25 acres. In this there are 10,370 grave spaces still
unused (7,470 in consecrated, 2,900 in unconsecrated ground), in which a total of 61,450 interments
may be made. In the ground already used there is still space in the private graves for
the interment of 27,621 bodies.
The area of private and of common graves is 6 feet 6 inches by 2 feet 6 inches, with
intervals of 6 inches laterally and 1 foot between the head and foot of adjoining graves in the
case of common graves, and intervals of 6 inches laterally and l½ to 2 feet between the head and
foot of each in the case of private graves. Private graves are mostly dug 10 feet deep. Common
graves are 14 feet and 17 feet deep in alternate rows.
The number interred in a common grave is 12 adults in a grave 17 feet deep, and 12 adults
and children in the shallower common graves. A special regulation in regard to this cemetery
prohibits the use of a common grave more than once on the same day.
Brick graves are only a small proportion of the whole number of graves in each year.

The number of interments in 1897 was—


(153.) St. George's, Hanover-square, cemetery.
This is situated at Hanwell, on the south side of the Uxbridge-road, and almost opposite
Kensington cemetery.
The surface of the ground is flat, and the soil consists of river gravel. It is drained by a
main brick drain 14 to 15 feet from the surface, and by lateral drains joining it. Brick graves
are connected with the drains.
The area of the cemetery is nearly 24 acres. It has been enlarged once since it was first
opened. About 14 acres have not yet been buried in. The virgin ground available will probably
allow 150,000 interments of adults and children. A fair proportion of the ground already used
is occupied by private graves, of which very few have yet been filled.
It has always been the custom here to fill common graves, and the ground so used has thus
been rendered unavailable for further use.
The area of all graves is 6 feet 6 inches by 2 feet 6 inches, with an interval of 1 foot
between all adjoining graves. In the case of private graves a larger area than this may be purchased.
Private graves are mostly 10 to 12 feet in depth. Common graves are dug 15 feet, and