London's Pulse: Medical Officer of Health reports 1848-1972

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London County Council 1900

[Report of the Medical Officer of Health for London County Council]

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(147.) Jews' cemetery, Hendon.
This cemetery has only recently been approved and opened for use. Only 27 bodies have
so far been buried here.
It is situated at Golder's-hill, and is surrounded by fields on all sides. The soil is clay,
and it is drained at a depth of 7 feet from the surface, the drain discharging into a filter bed.
The total area is 8 acres, but only 4 acres have been enclosed as yet for the purpose of
All grave spaces are 6 feet 6 inches by 3 feet 6 inches, intervals of 2 feet laterally and
12 feet between rows of graves being left.
The depth of graves is 6 feet, and never more than one body is interred in a grave, which
is never again disturbed.
(148.) Jews' cemetery, Willesdon—Opened 1873.
This cemetery is situated at Church-end, Willesden, adjoining the cemetery provided by
the Urban District Council for the use of residents in the parish of Willesden.
The surface of the ground is flat, and the soil consists of London clay. It is drained at a
depth from the surface of 7 feet 6 inches. No graves are connected with the drains except brick
graves. As in other Jewish cemeteries where bricks are used in a grave, none are placed on the
bottom, and the interval between the coffin and the brickwork is filled in with earth. The drains
discharge into the local sewers. The area of ground enclosed for burial purposes is 9 acres.
There are also 3 acres in reserve which were not approved for use at the date of application owing
to the proximity of houses. Of the enclosed portion, about 6 acres are yet unburied in.
The ground already buried in is never again used, as in the case of other Jewish burial
The area of all graves is 6 feet 6 inches by 3 feet 6 inches, with intervals of 1 foot
6 inches between rows of graves. The depth of graves is 6 feet.
The number of interments in 1897 was 141.
(149.) Kensington cemetery.
Situated at Hanwell, on the north side of the main road leading to Uxbridge. There are
houses at no great distance.
The ground is flat, and the soil consists of gravel which extends to the greatest depth to
which a grave is ever dug. The cemetery is drained at a depth of 12 feet from the surface, the
drp'ns being chiefly intended for carrying off surface water. No graves are connected with the
The total area of the cemetery is now about 15 acres. It has been enlarged twice since the
ground was first opened. Of this total, about 6 acres, made up of good-size areas, have not yet
been used. In addition there are spaces between existing graves, and strips of ground along the
sides of the entrance avenue and paths which are unburied in. When the cemetery was first
opened only one body was buried in each common grave, and this ground, probably about 1½ acres
in extent, is now available for use over again.
The area of all grave spaces is 7 feet 6 inches by 3 feet 6 inches or 4 feet. Private graves
are usually required to be dug to a depth of 9 feet. Common graves are never dug deeper than
12 feet; below this level sub-soil water is reached. The usual number interred in a common
grave is 6 adults. Children are either buried in separate graves or at the upper part of adult
common graves. The greater number of interments are in common graves.
The number of brick graves required is small.

The number of burials in 1897 was—


(150.) Manor-park cemetery—Opened 1874.
Situated at Manor-park, E., the cemetery is bounded on the south by the Great Eastern
Railway, and on the north by Wanstead-flats, a row of houses intervening. On the west and east
the adjoining land is occupied by houses.
The soil consists of river gravel and sand, varying from 10 to 20 feet and upwards in
depth. Drains are laid at a depth of 11 to 16 feet from the surface of the ground.
The total area of the cemetery is 45 acres, of which about 20 acres are as yet not buried in
and 5 acres are only partly used. In the remainder, 15 acres have been used for the purpose of
common interments, and are now of no further use for burial.
The area of private graves may be one of the following, namely, 6 feet 6 inches by 2 feet
G inches, 7 feet by 3 feet, 9 feet by 4 feet, or 9 feet by 6 feet 6 inches. The last two are spaces
for brick graves and vaults. Common graves are 8 feet by 3 feet. In the case of private graves
the depth usually required varies from 12 to 14 feet. Common graves are from 14 to 20 feet deep.
Children are sometimes buried in adult common graves, sometimes in separate graves. The
period which elapses between the first interment in and the closure of a common grave varies
with the depth, but under a special regulation in force as regards this cemetery not more than
one interment is to take place in the same common grave on one day. A considerable number of
common graves has therefore to be kept ready for use.