London's Pulse: Medical Officer of Health reports 1848-1972

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St Pancras 1904

[Report of the Medical Officer of Health for St. Pancras, London, Borough of]

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(10) Exclusion of foul air.—Any coal or other cellar shut off and ventilated
into the open air independently of the bakehouse.
(11) Exclusion of external dust and dirt.—Every opening so situated and so
devised as to be protected from dust and dirt blown or falling from the street.
No direct pavement, stallboard, or dwarf area ventilation into the bakehouse,
and any window, fanlight, or door in a front area, to be protected either by
hooded or winged sashes, or by a horizontal covering, or by a lean-to glass
roof, so placed as not to obstruct the entrance of light and air, but to intercept
any fallen or blown dust and dirt from the street, and any door to be automatically
self closing.
(12) Extraction of fumes, effluvia, &c.—By outlet ventilators into any disused
flues, a valve or door into the oven flue, and an extraction or upcast shaft in
the bulkhead or space over the oven, terminating at least eight feet above the
street level if situated in front of the premises.
(13) Generalty.—Compliance with the statutory requirements applicable to
all bakehouses.
At the end of the year 1903 there were 136 underground bakehouses in use.
During 1904 certificates were granted to 93 of these, refused to 8, and still
under consideration in regard to 35. Of these bakehouses, 8 having ceased to
be used at the end of the year 1904, there were 128 still in use. During the
first quarter of 1905, in regard to the 35 remaining underground bakehouses,
25 certificates were granted and 10 refused. Of these 10 bakehouses, 6 are
upon the estates of the Foundling Hospital and the Skinners' Company, who
intend to cause the houses to be rebuilt at the end of the leases, which will
soon expire.
In the Appendix is a complete list of the bakehouses, showing which are
underground, what is baked in them, which have been certified, and which
refused certificates, or otherwise disused.
Plans of all the underground bakehouses were made as the first step in
dealing with them, and this caused some delay, but the delay was worth
incurring, as now that the plans have had shown upon them the alterations
that have been made, a complete account and plan is on record of every
underground bakehouse in St. Pancras at the time the certificate was granted.
It is interesting to note that six bakehouses in St. Pancras had two ovens in
different baking rooms forming part of the same premises.
Premises. Two Baking Rooms.
4, South Grove 1 Under ground—Certificate refused.
1 Level.
7, Willow Walk 1 Underground—Certificate refused.
1 Level.
24, Gower Place 1 Underground in Gower Street—Certificate
1 Underground in Gower Place—Certificate