London's Pulse: Medical Officer of Health reports 1848-1972

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Hanover Square 1866

[Report of the Medical Officer of Health for Hanover Square, The Vestry of the Parish of Saint George]

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19
Now let us turn to the
Mortality and Death-Rate of Hanover and Mayfair.

In these Sub-Districts the gross number of deaths, that is including all in the workhouse, in the year ended 31st March, 1866, was 553 ; in the years

185718581859186018611862186318641865
563605543567534570577630612
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The gross death-rate of this part of the Parish therefore this
year has been 17 ; and has fluctuated, during the last eight years,
between 16 and 19 per 1,000 per annum, estimating the population
as virtually stationary at 32,500.
Division into Rich and Poor Streets and Mews.
Rich Streets. We now proceed, as in former reports, to divide
the Hanover and Mayfair Sub-Districts into two classes of streets.
First, the aristocratic and first-class business streets and squares,
such as Albemarle and Arlington streets, North and South Audley
streets, Grosvenor and Berkeley squares, Old and New Bond
streets, Bolton, Brook and Bruton streets, &c., &c. We obtained
an exact record of the population of these streets at the census of
1851, and we believe there has been no material fluctuation since;
the population of these streets was then 20,000. The deaths in
them last year were 178, or at the rate of 8-9 per 1,000 of the
Dormlation.

Out of the 178, the number of children s deaths under 5, was 44.

In the foregoing years, the numbers were :

18581859186018611862186318641865
Total Deaths216209192201187201240218
Under Five43413941
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Therate of persons who died at home is 21.7 per 1,000.

185718581859I86018611862186818641865
Total Deaths251293269279241303258273266
Under Five136119154121123123
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There is a class of dwellings called Mf.ws, in which the families
of coachmen and grooms live over stables. These are usually
considered more unwholesome than the ordinary artisan's home,
because of the ammonia evolved from the horse manure. In our
Parish, however, the stables are very well looked after, and the
increased space which the residents enjoy is more than a


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