* The number of swine involved in these outbreaks was 157.
Glanders is the disease in animals which has caused most trouble and expense to the Council.
The London (Notification of Glanders) Order, 1906, required veterinary surgeons on becoming aware
that any horse, ass, or mule was, when it died, affected with glanders, to notify the local authority. The
Animals (Notification of Disease) Order, 1919, extended notification to all diseases of animals, and
applies to the whole country. The Glanders or Farcy Order of 1907 provided for the payment of
one-half value as compensation for animals slaughtered solely as a result of reaction to mallein. Full
value was to be paid when disease was not detected by the post-mortem examination, and the
maximum value for the purposes of the Order was £50 for a horse and £12 for an ass or mule. During
1916 only £197 10s. was so paid, and it was hoped that the disease had been brought under control, but
in 1918 and 1919 there was a disquieting recrudescence of the disease involving the slaughter of 76 and
39 horses respectively, and the payment of £1,026 and £648.
A conference was convened in March, 1920, by the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries to discuss
the adequacy of the compensation payable under the Order of 1907, having regard to present economic
conditions. As a result, the Ministry issued a new Order entitled the Glanders or Farcy Order of 1920,
which came into operation on 15th November, 1920. This provides for the payment of increased compensation
in respect of the slaughter of diseased animals, both for animals showing clinical symptoms of
glanders and for those slaughtered solely upon reaction to the mallein test. The increase, which
depends to some extent upon the adoption by the owner of precautionary measures, is accompaniec
by other extended powers to local authorities for dealing more effectively with the disease.
The Ministry pointed out that, in view of the progressive reduction in the prevalence of
glanders since the Order of 1907, the number of outbreaks having been reduced from 854 in 1907
to25 in 1919, "the present appears to be an opportune time in which to make a final effort to
* Report of the Special Committee on Health Administration in London. No. 2029. Price 2d.