London's Pulse: Medical Officer of Health reports 1848-1972

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Holborn 1921

Report for the year 1921 of the Medical Officer of Health

Hutt, C. W.

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49 tables in this report

  • Page 6
    The following table gives the number of corrected births and the corrected birth-rate for the ten years 1912-1921:—
  • Page 6
  • Page 7
    Continued from previous page...
    St. Giles and Bloomsbury.Holborn.St. Giles and Bloomsbury.Holborn.
  • Page 7
    Corrected Deaths and Death-Rates, 1921, compared with 1920.
    YearTotal Deaths at all ages registered in District.Deaths in Public Institutions in District.Deaths of nonresidents of Borough registered in District.Deaths of Residents registered beyond the District.Nett Deaths at all ages.Death Rate for Borough.Death Rate. Registration London.
  • Page 7
    Infantile Mortality. The number of deaths of children under one year of age, and the number of deaths of children under one year of age per 1,000 corrected births, were the following:—
    Year.Deaths underDeaths under 1 year per 1000 corrected legitimate Births.Deaths under 1 year per 1000 corrected illegitimate Births.Deaths under 1 year per 1000 corrected Births.London.
    one year of age.Deaths under 1 year per 1000 Births.
  • Page 8
    Death-rate per 1,000 corrected births in 1921 and in ten preceding years during which details respecting births have been supplied.
    I911.1912.1913.1914.I9I5.1916.1917.1918.1919.1920.Av ge, 1911-201921.
  • Page 9
    In addition to my inspections, the Sanitary Inspectors made 23,500 varied inspections and visits as set out in the following table. Each inspection frequently covers a number of different sanitary matters.
    Inspector BennettInspector ClarkInspector LarardInspector Charles-worthInspector ShinnieWhole Borough
  • Page 10
    The following table shows the work done to abate nuisances for which intimation notices were served:—
  • Page 11
    Continued from previous page...
  • Page 11
    The following Table shows the nuisances for which the 99 Statutory Notices were issued under the Public Health (London) Act, 1891.
  • Page 13
    In accordance with the foregoing resolutions the Council made arrangements with the following firms of rat-catchers to carry out work connected with rat repression for owners and occupiers in the Borough:—
    Small Houses 8 rooms.Stables 10 horses.Shops smallHotels &c., and large shops.
  • Page 15
    The number of such places on the register at the end of the year was as follows:—
  • Page 16
    Ice cream is manufactured in the Italian Colony as follows:—
  • Page 16
    In addition ice cream is also manufactured on the following premises:—
    Mr. Bennett's District.Mr. Clark's District.Mr. Larard's District.
  • Page 17
    The following is a list of unsound food condemned during the year 1921.
    Commodity.Condition.Result of Action taken.
  • Page 18
    Sale of Food and Drugs Acts. The following is a list of articles purchased during 1921:—
    ARTICLEPurchasedGenuineAdulteratedProceedings takenConvictionsFines and Costs
  • Page 19
    Continued from previous page...
    ARTICLEPurchasedGenuineAdulte-atedProceed-ings takenConvictionsFines and Costs
  • Page 19
    Continued from previous page...
  • Page 27
    Bacteriological Work. The following table gives details of the examinations made during the year:—
    DiphtheriaEnteric Fever.Consumption.OtherDiseases.
    Number SubmittedResult of Examination.Number SubmittedResult of ExaminationNumber SubmittedResult of Examination.Number SubmittedResult of Examination.
  • Page 29
    The following is the report of the Tuberculosis Officer, Harry Evans, M.D., D.P.H., for the year 1921. Number of cases examined, for the first time in 1921.
    InsuredNon InsuredTotal
    Males.FemalesMalesFemalesunder 16
  • Page 29
    Analysis of 137 New Cases in 1921.
    DiagnosisMaleFemaleMaleFemaleunder 16Totals
  • Page 29
    Attendances, etc.
  • Page 29
    Supervision of Home Conditions, etc. Visits to Homes.
    InsuredNon- InsuredTotals
  • Page 30
    Reports and Communications.
    InsuredNon InsuredTotals
  • Page 30
    Summary of Work done in 1921 as compared with 1920.
  • Page 32
    HOME VISITING. The visits paid to the homes by the Health Visitors during the year were as follows:—
    First VisitsRevisits.Total
  • Page 34
    The Council's Centre and Clinics were open during the year as follows:—
    Sessions.Day and Time of Meeting.Average Attendance.Medical Supervision and Descripion of Session.
  • Page 35
    Details as regards the work at the Infant Consultations at 10, John Street during the second half of the year are as follows:—
    Reason for AttendanceNo. attending.
  • Page 37
    The cause and age at death are given in the following table:—
    Cause of Death.Under 1 Week1-2 Weeks2-3 Weeks3-4 WeeksTotal under 4 Weeks4 Weeks and under 3 Months3-6 Months6-9 Months9-12 MonthsTotal Deaths under One Year.
  • Page 38
    The following table shows new cases assisted in 1921.
    Milk.Food.Prepared Milk.
    Free.Part CostFree.Part Cost.Free.Part Cost.
  • Page 40
    Six Cases notified in accordance with the Public Health (Ophthalmia Neonatorum) Regulations, 1914.
    Case NumberAge when NotifiedAge at OnsetBy whom NotifiedType of disease on Health Visitor's first visitWhere treatedMedical Attendance and NursingResultBirth Notified byREMARKS.
  • Page 41
    Four Cases not notified in accordance with the Public Health (Ophthalmia Neonatorum) Regulations, 1914.
    Case NumberAge when Information receivedAge at OnsetInformationType of disease on Health Visitor's first visit.Where treatedMedical Attendance and Nursing.ResultBirth NotifiedREMARKS.
  • Page 44
    Their services were used as follows :—
  • Page 46
    Medical Inspection of School Children in Holborn, 1921.
    Entrants.Age 8.Age 12Age 14
  • Page 47
    Continued from previous page...
    Entrants.Age 8Age 12Age 14
  • Page 48
    Continued from previous page...
    ClothingNutritionCleanliness of Head.Cleanliness of Body.Condition of TeethVisionMental Condition.
  • Page 52
    APPENDIX. TABLE I. Vital Statistics of Whole District during 1921 and Ten Previous Years.
    YearPopulation estimated to Middle of each Year.Births.Total Deaths Registered in the DistrictTransferable DeathsNett Deaths belonging to the District
    Under 1 Year of AgeAt all Ages
    Uncorrected NumberNettNumberRateof Nonresidents registered in the Districtof Residents not registered in the DistrictNumberRate per 1,000 BirthsNumberRate
  • Page 53
    Causes of Death.NET DEATHS AT THE SUBJOINED AGES OF "RESIDENTS," whether occurring within or without the District.Total Deaths whether of "Residents" or "Non-Residents" in Institutions in the District.
    All Ages.Under 1 year.1 and under 2 years.2 and under 5 years.5 and under 15 years.15 and under 25 years.25 and under 45 years.45 and under 65 years.65 and under 75 years.75 and upwards
  • Page 54
    TABLE III. Cases of Infectious Disease notified during the year 1921.
    Notifiable DiseaseNumber of Cases NotifiedTotal Cases notified in each Locality (e.g. Parish or Ward) of the District.Total Cases Removed to Hospitals
    At all AgesAt Ages—Years.
    St. Giles and Bloomsbury.Holborn.
    Under 1.1 to 55 to 15I5 to 2525 to 4545 to 6565 and upwards
  • Page 55
    TABLE IV. Infectious Diseases in Holborn for the last Eleven Years.
    Decennial Average, 1911-1920.Year 1921.Decennial Average, 1911-1920.Year 1921.
    NumberRate per 1,000London RateNumberRate per 1,000London RateNumberRate per 1,000London RateNumberRate per 1,000London Rate
  • Page 57
    TABLE VI. FACTORIES, WORKSHOPS, LAUNDRIES, WORKPLACES AND HOMEWORK. 1.—Inspection. Including Inspections made by Sanitary Inspectors.
    Premises.Number of
    Inspections.Written Notices.Prosecutions.
  • Page 57
    2.—Defects Found.
    Particulars.Number of Defects.Number of Prosecutions.
    Found.Remedied.Referred to H.M. Inspector.
  • Page 58
    TABLE VI.—continued. 3.—HOME WORK.
    NATURE OF WORK.Outworkers' Lists, Section 107.Outwork in Unwholesome Premises, Section 108.Outwork in Infected Premises, Sections 109, 110.
    Lists received from Employers.Notices served on occupiers as to keeping or sending lists.Prosecutions.Instances.Notices served.Prosecutions.Instances .Orders made (S. 110)Prosecutions (Sections 109,110)
    Sending twice in the year.Sending once in the year.Failing to keep or permit inspection of lists.Failing to send lists.
  • Page 59
    TABLE VI.—continued. 4.—Registered Workshops.
    Workshops on the Register (s. 131) at the end of the year.Number.
  • Page 59
    5.—Other Matters.
  • Page 60
    TABLE VII. Meteorology of London, 1921. (Deduced from observations at Greenwich under the superintendence of the Astronomer Royal.)
    1921.Air Temperature.Bright Sunshine.Rain and other forms of Precipitation.
    Mean of—Mean of A. & B.Difference from Normal.*Daily Mean.Difference from Normal.*Per cent. of possible.Total Fall.Difference from Normal.*
    Maximum.AMinimum. B
  • Page 61
    TABLE VIII. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS. Public Health (London) Act, 1891.
  • Page 61
    Housing of the Working Classes Act, 1890 to 1919.
  • Page 61
    Sale of Food and Drugs Acts.
    Date.Name and Address.Offence.Result.