Hints from the Health Department. Leaflet from the archive of the Society of Medical Officers of Health. Credit: Wellcome Collection, London
[Report of the Medical Officer of Health for Walthamstow]
In 1886, 200 of every 1,000 married females were minors in 1908
there were 140 only.
The decline has thus taken place in the most prolific period of the
life of the woman, and hence fewer births result.
That this change has its compensating advantages, may be seen in
the greater care exercised in the rearing of those born, and their probable
more favourable ante-natal conditions, as observed in the lowered
infantile death-rate throughout the country.
The following tabular statement is given to show the grounds upon
which comparisons have been made.
|Annual Rate per 1,000 Living.||Deaths under one year 1 to 1,000 Births.|
|Births||Death-rate.||Principal Epidemic Diseases Cols. 4-10.||Small-Pox.||Measles.||Scarlet Fever.||Diphtheria.||Whooping Cough.||Fever.||Diarrhoea.|
|England and Wales||25.6||14.5||14.5||1.12||0.00||0.35||0.09||0.14||0.20||0.06||0.28||109|
|76 Great Towns||25.7||14.7||15.6||1.42||0.00||0.48||0.11||0.15||0.24||0.06||0.38||118|
|143 Smaller Towns||24.8||13.9||14.5||1.08||0.00||0.33||0.09||0.16||0.17||0.06||0.27||111|
|England and Wales less the 219 Towns||25.6||14.5||13.6||0.80||0.00||0.21||0.06||0.14||0.16||0.06||0.17||98|
Not only have the deaths from the dangerous infectious diseases
shown a marked decline, but the numbers affected by them have also
Instead of an average rate of attack of 10 per 1,000 for the country,
we have had only half that number during 1909.