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St Martin-in-the-Fields 1862

[Report of the Medical Officer of Health for St. Martin-in-the-Fields]

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30
ture of gas; and I still continue to think, that much of
our London well water might he made more available
for drinking purposes than it is at present. So far as
observation goes, 1 know of no ill consequences (mm
the use of the water from the Long-acre pump, winch
is the most impure of any in the parish.
Report on the Health of the Parish of St. Martin-in-theFields
for the Quarter ending June 28, 1802.
The mortality of the quarter ending June 28 was
126, in the corresponding quarter of last year 102,
36 less than in 1861, and 9 below the same period in
1860. 21 of these deaths were caused by epidemic or
zymotic diseases, of these 4 were cases of scarlatina,
5 of whooping-cough, 2 of diarrhoea, 8 of fever.
Although the total number of deaths from this class
of diseases, which we especially consider as preventible,
does not greatly vary from year to year, the particular
kinds of these maladies vary much. Thus, in the
last quarter we had not one death from measles, while
last year there were 3, and as many as 10 in 1860.
This year we have had 8 deaths from fever, besides
those in the Fever Hospital, while in 1861 we had
only 4 altogether, and in 1860 not one. So that it
would appear that the prevalence of one form of
epidemic disease superseded other forms; in 1860
measles being the prevailing disease, and this year
typhoid and scarlet levers. Cases of fever now occur
with less frequency, although the influential causes of
these diseases are still in operation; in the whole
Mtiopolis the number of deaths have fallen from
upwauls of 100 to below 60. There have been 16
deaths in the quarter from diseases of the brain,

TABLE OF THE CAUSES OF DEATH,

AT VARIOUS AGES,

In the Parish of St. Martin-in-the-Field for the Year1862.

Diseases.Under 6 Years.From 5 to 20.From 20 to 40.From 40 to 60.From 60 to 8080 and up wardsTotal Deaths st ail ages.
Small Pox1...............1
, Measles6...............6
ScarletFever278............35
Diphtheria2...............2
WhoopingCough84............12
???arrhœa6631......15
???ver13856...23
???heumaticFever.........1......1
???roup31............4
???ropsy1...161...8
Cancer.........81...9
???ortification1......21...4
???esentericDisease102............12
???rofula1l...1......3
???aterontheBrain151............16
???poplexy......273113
Paralysis.........25...7
Convlusions10...............10
???eliriumTremens......12......3
Disease of Brain83544...24
Diseases of Heart...59108...32
Bronchitis163613361084
Pnenmonia83152...19
Asthma......1.........1
Disease ofLangs1...12...16
Disease ofStomach......142...7
Diseaseof Bowrels12331...10
Dieases ofLiver......368...17
Disease ofKidney...1664...17
Disease ofUterus.........11...2
Child birth......1.........1
???ebility fromBirth27...............27
Teething6...............6
???tropliy8...............8
OldAge............271239
???ractures...1295...17
Burns21...2......5
Suicide......1.........1
Suffocation1...1.........2
???rowning......11......2
Total170445710011524510
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