London's Pulse: Medical Officer of Health reports 1848-1972

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Lewisham 1873

[Report of the Medical Officer of Health for Lewisham]

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Preventable Diseases.
Six of the seven principal zymotic diseases, viz., measles,
scarlet fever, diptheria, whooping cough, fever, and diarrhoea
occasioned 85 deaths, or 1.56 per 1000 of the population.
The mortality from these diseases shows a great reduction
from the previous year, and was below the average of
the last 10 years, which was 132.3 per annum. The deaths
registered in the previous year (1872) were 149.
0 occurred from small pox.
11 „ „ measles.
10 „ „ scarlet fever.
7 „ „ diptheria.
19 „ „ whooping cough.
9 „ „ fever.
29 „ ,, diarrhoea.
Small Pox.—No deaths from small pox occurred in the
district during the year. The provisions of the vaccination
act are enforced by the Board of Guardians, with the aid of
most efficient vaccination officers.
Measles.—The annual average of deaths from measles
for the last ten years was 15 8; but although prevalent
towards the close of the year, 11 deaths only were registered
from this cause.
Scarlet Fever.—In 1872 scarlet fever was more or less
prevalent throughout the year, and 39 deaths were registered
from it, the annual mean of ten years being 34; but during
1873 only 10 deaths were registered from this cause.
Diptheria occasioned 7 deaths, 9.1 being the average of
ten years.
Whooping Cough.—19 deaths took place from whooping
cough, which number was the average of the last ten
years, but less than in 1872, when 35 deaths were registered.
F ever.—In the term fever three varieties are included,
viz., typhus, the fever of starvation and over-crowding;
typhoid or "gastric," the fever produced by the inhalation of
poisonous gases, the result of inefficient drainage, or by the

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