London's Pulse: Medical Officer of Health reports 1848-1972

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Mile End 1866

[Report of the Medical Officer of Health for Hamlet of Mile End Old Town]

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often before repeated, that judicious expenditure in
effective sanitary measures is returned with large interest,
by salubrity and low rates, inevitably attracting
better tenants and higher rents.
To give a fair and clear idea of the mortality, it was
necessary to distinguish the exceptional deaths from
cholera, from those produced by all other causes ; at the
same time I have retained among the latter the deaths
from the diarrhoea, usually prevalent at certain periods
of the year.
Thus we find the total ordinary mortality of last year
was 135 below the average of the four preceding years.
The unprecedentedly healthy condition of the Hamlet
for the six months ending June last, has no doubt
greatly contributed to the favourable result. It would
be during this period that the sanitary measures previously
initiated and carried out, would produce their
beneficial effects. This must be very gratifying to the
members of the Committee of the Yestry, through whom
such measures were accomplished, as in all human
probability the greatest of all good works was thereby
achieved, that of preserving health and saving life.
Table II. gives a comparison of the number of deaths
from zymotic diseases during the whole year, and for
four previous years. The number for the past year is
132 below the average for the four previous years; but
to give a clearer idea of the mortality in the Hamlet
from this class of diseases, I have prepared a table (III.)
showing the death rate, per 1,000 living, from all causes,
and zymotic diseases separately, in Mile End and the
five Metropolitan districts. In both classes we contrast
most favourably with the other districts, being
much lower than all, except the west districts, which
are only fractionally lower than Mile End,