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West Ham 1937

[Report of the Medical Officer of Health for West Ham]

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is not dissimilar, in some ways, to that of bone and fat melting
and may on rare occasions give rise to an offensive odour which
cannot be controlled by the powers conferred by the Public Health
Acts with respect to "offensive trades."
Rabies Order of igig. No case of rabies has occurred in this
country for some years past, but owners of animals suffering from
so-called specific hysteria, or fits, occasionally report illness and
death in dogs as suspected rabies. This is largely due to the
notice drawing attention to the Rabies Order which appears on all
dog licences and is commendable, for if a case of rabies remained
unreported this disease might' once again become established in
this country.
Tuberculosis Order of 1925. This Order makes it obligatory
for owners to notify any bovine animal which is affected with
tuberculous emaciation, or with chronic cough-accompanied by
definite clinical signs of tuberculosis, or with tuberculosis of the
udden, indurated udder or other chronic disease of the udder, or
which is giving tuberculous milk.
There are many cattle affected with other forms of tuberculosis
which are not amenable to the provisions of this Order,
and it is regrettable that, in spite of the experience gained as a
result of routine inspection of dairy cattle and work under this
Order (it was first introduced in 1913 but was suspended during
the late war), the provisions of the Order have not been extended.
Cows which have been proved to be affected with tuberculosis
as a result of the tuberculin test, are allowed to be used in milking
herds and may be sold in the open market without notification of
the fact having been made.
The Tuberculosis Order is worked in conjunction with the
Milk and Dairies (Consolidation) Act 1915, the Milk and Dairies
(Amendment) Act 1922, and the Milk and Dairies Order 1926.
All dairy cattle and cowsheds were inspected monthly and
as other occasions required, and at the same time the hygienic
conditions governing the production of milk were supervised.
During the year 1,282 examinations of dairy cattle were made
and, as a check on the clinical examinations, herd samples of milk
were taken at each visit for microscopical and biological examination;
29 samples were submitted for examination during the year,
all of which were certified negative for tuberculosis.
Several cows were removed for slaughter by the owners
300


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