London's Pulse: Medical Officer of Health reports 1848-1972

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St Giles (Camden) 1866

[Report of the Medical Officer of Health for St. Giles District]

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In regard of cholera, it will bo observed from the foregoing table that the
mortality of St. Giles' was very closely half that which occurrcd on an equal
population taken from the average of London. The subjoined tabular statement
shows however, that after excluding the Eastern districts, where the
main outbreak of cholera occurred, a somewhat excessive mortality from this
disease fell on our district of St. Giles's. And it is further shown that the
diarrhoea mortality was considerably above the average of the districts with
which St. Giles' is naturally grouped.

Mortality*(1866)FromCholera and Diarrhoea per10,000inhabitants (From the Registrar General's Annual Summary.)

West Districts4.19.9
North Districts6.710.4
Central Districts8.711.2
East Districts68.816.2
South Districts929.5
St. Pancras6 09.7
St. Marylebone3011.3
St. Martin's4.211.7
St. Giles's9.216.1
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* The district Mortality is here partially corrected for the disturbing
influence of Hospitals.
Tubercular diseases were again in 1866 greatly more fatal to St. Giles's
District than would be reckoned for its population on the rate of death
prevailing from such diseases elsewhere in London. Our district habitually
stands among the highest of all the London districts in its death-rate from
consumption, indeed it is scarcely exceeded by any except those whose rate
is artificially raised by the presence in them of large hospitals. Last year the
excessive death-rate from consumption was quite as great as usual. But as
a large proportion of deaths from this cause are returned from the moveable
class of people who frequent common lodging houses; and, as this sort of
houses is disproportionately numerous in St. Giles's, it is impossible to say to
what extent an undue amount of consumption may be generated in our
The diseases of various organs and systems of the body, grouped by the
Registrar General under the name of Local diseases, also furnish a disproportional
number of deaths to our registers as compared with those of an equal
population from the average of London. The excess was in 1866 chargeable
to three kinds of these local diseases. The great groups of heart and lung

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