London's Pulse: Medical Officer of Health reports 1848-1972

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Clerkenwell 1863

[Report of the Medical Officer of Health for Clerkenwell, St James & St John]

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urinal constructed; and numerous other improvements effected,
such as the removal of filth, animals, &c, which it is not worth
while to specify.

The following Table expresses the meteorology of the year.

1863.Temperature, mean.Difference from mean of 92 years.Dew Point.Humidity. (Saturation = 100.)Height of Barometer.Rain, in Inches.
Year50.3+ 1.944.38029.8120.0
Winter Quarter (Jan.,Feb., March)42.6+ 4.237.78329.823.9
Spring Quarter (April,May, June)53.0+ 0.946.07729.795.6
Summer Quarter (July, Aug, Sept.)58.8-0.750.77429.795.9
Autumn Quarter (Oct, Nov, Dec.)468+ 3.242.98629.814.6

Hence the weather was warmer during the year, than on
the average; the summer being, however, colder. The amount of
rain which fell during the year was less than the average. These
conditions are important as regards mortality, for a warm year
diminishes the number of deaths from pulmonary diseases, and a
cool summer diminishes those arising from diarrhoea. A small
amount of rain also prevents the proper washing away of the
organic matter from the streets and the sewers, and from the air;
and renders the gullies and traps ineffective.
I have the honor to remain,
Your obedient Servant,