Hints from the Health Department. Leaflet from the archive of the Society of Medical Officers of Health. Credit: Wellcome Collection, London
[Report of the Medical Officer of Health for Clerkenwell, St James & St John]
urinal constructed; and numerous other improvements effected,
such as the removal of filth, animals, &c, which it is not worth
while to specify.
The following Table expresses the meteorology of the year.
|1863.||Temperature, mean.||Difference from mean of 92 years.||Dew Point.||Humidity. (Saturation = 100.)||Height of Barometer.||Rain, in Inches.|
|Winter Quarter (Jan.,Feb., March)||42.6||+ 4.2||37.7||83||29.82||3.9|
|Spring Quarter (April,May, June)||53.0||+ 0.9||46.0||77||29.79||5.6|
|Summer Quarter (July, Aug, Sept.)||58.8||-0.7||50.7||74||29.79||5.9|
|Autumn Quarter (Oct, Nov, Dec.)||468||+ 3.2||42.9||86||29.81||4.6|
Hence the weather was warmer during the year, than on
the average; the summer being, however, colder. The amount of
rain which fell during the year was less than the average. These
conditions are important as regards mortality, for a warm year
diminishes the number of deaths from pulmonary diseases, and a
cool summer diminishes those arising from diarrhoea. A small
amount of rain also prevents the proper washing away of the
organic matter from the streets and the sewers, and from the air;
and renders the gullies and traps ineffective.
I have the honor to remain,
Your obedient Servant,
J. W. GRIFFITH, M.D.