London's Pulse: Medical Officer of Health reports 1848-1972

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Clerkenwell 1863

[Report of the Medical Officer of Health for Clerkenwell, St James & St John]

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Names of CourtsNo. of HousesNo. of Occupants
Hallett's Place12100
Kemp Place4259 inhabitants in No. 4.
Lamb Court12108Since closed.
Lamb Square467In No. 2, 3 families; in No. 3,4 families; in No. 4, 4 families.
Providence Place1058
Rose Alley.4125
Slade's Place1697
Spa Cottages1.148
Spencer Place21193
Turk's Head Yard79520 inhabitants in No. 16. Since pulled down.
Yates' Rents1775

It does not follow, that because a house or court contains a
large number of occupants, it must necessarily be overcrowded.
But the Vestry are well aware that most of these courts are very
confined, and the houses and rooms veiy small, and quite unfit for
the number of occupants.
The Zymotic diseases generally, are those especially to be
considered by all engaged in sanitary improvements, not only because
they are so prevalent and fatal, but because the conditions
under which they are so, are well known, and can be to a great
extent remedied.
The first of these is infection, which is the most common
cause of them. And in regard to this source, it is often painful to
witness, especially among the poorer classes, the thoughtless
manner in which they unnecessarily expose themselves and their
children to sources of infection. This proceeding can only be
obviated by better education upon the point; and a vestry or