London's Pulse: Medical Officer of Health reports 1848-1972

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Woolwich 1909

[Report of the Medical Officer of Health for Woolwich]

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92. The death-rate from alcoholism and cirrhosis of the
liver was 0.16 in the Borough, and 0.19 in the County
There is one licensed house per 658 population in the Borough,
and one per 266 in Biver Ward. Eleven licensed houses in
Biver and St. Mary's Wards have been closed under the
Licensing Act, 1904.
93. There were 10 deaths from syphilis, compared with 14,
14, 10, 9, and 7, in the five preceding years. Five of these
occurred in the Workhouse Infirmary. Five were males and
five were females ; seven were infants under one year. There
were in addition 15 deaths from general paralysis and tabes
dorsalis (locomotor.ataxy), diseases which are now considered
to be usually due to syphilis, compared with 14, 15, and 9, in
the three previous years. These figures are far from representing
the total mortality caused by this disease. Dr. Mott
has recently given good reasons for regarding aneurysm as
being usually a form of syphilis.
(See Table VIII).
94. The temperature of the winter quarter of the year was
low ; it had four weeks with an average temperature above the
normal, and nine below. The spring quarter had an average
temperature. The summer quarter had three weeks above the
average, and ten below; its average temperature was 58.7,
which is 1.4 degrees below the average. In the autumn
quarter the temperature was above the average in seven weeks,
and below in six.