Hints from the Health Department. Leaflet from the archive of the Society of Medical Officers of Health. Credit: Wellcome Collection, London
[Report of the Medical Officer of Health for Croydon]
In 1934 there were fewer deaths from Pulmonary Tuberculosis
up to the 55th year of life than in 1933. The age group 25—30
had the greatest number of deaths, greater in fact that in any
other age group. From the 30th year onwards there was a gradual
fall in the number of deaths, but showing two fairly definite but
smaller peaks, one in the 40—45 age group and the other in the
55—65 age group.
With regard to the sexes, in both sexes the highest peak was
reached in the 25—30 age group. After the 40th year the male
deaths exceed those in females. This is probably connected with
the fact that women lead a more sheltered existence than men in
the later years of life.
The number of new cases of Pulmonary Tuberculosis in 1934
was greatest in the age group 15—25 years, as in 1933, but only
amounted to 71.5% of the number in this age group in 1933. In
the age group 25—35 the number slightly exceeds those for 1933.
The greater proportion of new cases of pulmonary tuberculosis
were in the age groups comprising 20 to 35 years. In the age
groups 15 to 35 years there was a greater number of new cases
among women but after 35 years there was a greater number in
men. There is a close similarity between the age distribution of
new cases and of deaths from Pulmonary Tuberculosis. This year
the peak of new cases was in the 25—35 age group. The figures
indicate that Pulmonary Tuberculosis is a rare disease in the first
ten years of life.
Non-pulmonary Tuberculosis shows its highest incidence under
the 20th year of life; the greatest number of cases occurring in
the 15-20 years group. 38.4% of the deaths occurred under the
of 10 years compared with 50% in 1933.