London's Pulse: Medical Officer of Health reports 1848-1972

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Acton 1936

[Report of the Medical Officer of Health for Acton]

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The above table shows that 33.6 per cent, or over one-third
of the overcrowding occurred in families up to four units, while
21.8 per cent, of the overcrowding occurred in families of 7 units
or over. Column 4 in the above table shows the proportion which
the number of overcrowded families of a particular size bears to the
total number of families of that size, and the figures show what a
high proportion of large families is overcrowded.
Overcrowding may occur among families of normal size,
because for some reason, such as poverty, illness, or shortage of
accommodation, those families cannot obtain an ordinary workingclass
dwelling ; while in the case of large families, overcrowding
is likely to occur because primarily the average working-class
dwelling which is generally all they can afford is not large enough
for them. Moreover, landlords and even local authorities, look
askance at large families and accommodation is always difficult
to obtain.
When the results of the Survey were considered by the Special
Committee appointed by the Council, it was decided that certaies
further information should be obtained concerning the overcrowded
families, more especially as to the rent paid, whether the lettings
were controlled or decontrolled, and the presence of lodgers.This
further enquiry was carried out in August, so that approximately
less than six months had elapsed since the survey for form " B"
It was found that in the interval, 89 of the lettings had become un
crowded. Of the 430 overcrowded dwellings, 217 were controller
and 213 decontrolled, but included in the latter are the 20 Couned
houses which were overcrowded, so that the real figures should be
217 controlled and 187 decontrolled. It is difficult to estimace