Hints from the Health Department. Leaflet from the archive of the Society of Medical Officers of Health. Credit: Wellcome Collection, London
[Report of the Medical Officer of Health for Acton]
There were 206 deaths registered of Infants under 1 year of age as
against 1211 births; the proportion which the deaths under one year
of age bear to 1,000 births is therefore 170.1 as against 168.5 in the
The following table compares the death-rate of children under one year per 1,000 registered births, and the birth-rate for the last fifteen years:—
|Deaths of Children under One Year, Per Thousand Registered Births.|
|Birth-rate per Thousand.|
Districts with a large, poor population invariably have a high
infant mortality, which swells the general death-rate. If we deduct the
deaths of children under one year of age, our death-rate for 1901 works
out at only 8.3 per 1,006 of the population.
The main causes of our infant mortality are:—
1. Epidemic Diarrhoea.
2. Premature Birth.
4. Improper Feeding.