London's Pulse: Medical Officer of Health reports 1848-1972

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Marylebone 1913

[Report of the Medical Officer of Health for St. Marylebone, Metropolitan Borough]

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(the Marble Arch Electric Theatre), influenced by a member of the Public Health
Committee, arranged for the inclusion in their programme during the greater part of
one week, of a film dealing with the fly nuisance.
This attracted a considerable amount of attention and, as large numbers of
people saw the film, doubtless some amount of good was done.
During part of the time the film was on exhibition, copies of the leaflet on flies,
of which the following is a copy, were distributed:—
(Diarrhcea, Typhoid Fever, Diphtheria, Consumption, etc.)
Flies found in houses, on the walls, the ceilings, the food, and the people, are
born and bred in manure heaps and dust bins, and collections of dirt and filth.
They feed on filth and carry with them filth germs and germs of disease.
Everything upon which the fly rests, more especially food, receives some of
these germs.
The milk into which the fly falls gets the biggest share. In the milk the germs
grow and multiply very quickly.
Amongst the diseases spread by flies are Diarrhœa, Typhoid (Enteric) Fever,
Diphtheria and Consumption.
In clean, airy rooms flies are few.
To keep flies away. Keep your house clean. Keep your house and your yard
free from collections of dirt and refuse. If you see any collection of refuse in a
yard or elsewhere, complain to the Medical Officer of Health, 24, Somerset Street,
Portman Square, W.
To free houses from flies. Keep your house clean and well aired. Open doors
and windows as much and as wide as possible. If necessary, open windows may be
screened with muslin. For catching flies use sticky or other fly papers. If a house
or room is badly infested with flies, complain to the Medical Officer of Health,
24, Somerset Street, Portman Square, W.
To protect food from flies. Keep all food—meat, sugar, jam and milk,
especially the milk to be used by a baby—covered.
Muslin may be used for the purpose. Baby's face during sleep should also be
screened with muslin.
This leaflet is issued from the St. Marylebone Public Health Department
(24, Somerset Street, Portman Square, W.) where advice and assistance in
connection with all matters affecting health can always be obtained.