Hints from the Health Department. Leaflet from the archive of the Society of Medical Officers of Health. Credit: Wellcome Collection, London
[Report of the Medical Officer of Health for London County Council]
Annual Report of the London County Council, 1912.
The following table shows the whooping-cough deaths and death-rates for the year 1912 and the death-rates for the period 1907-11 in the several sanitary districts:—
|Metropolitan borough.||Deaths, 1912 (52 weeks).||Death-rate per 1,000 persons living.|
|Westminster, City of||16||0.12||0.10|
|London, City of||1||0.14||0.05|
It will be seen from the foregoing table that in the period 1907-11 the highest whooping-cough
death-rate was that of Shoreditch (0.49),and the lowest were those of Westminster and Hampstead(0.12);
in the year 1912, Shoreditch (0 43) again had the highest death-rate and Hampstead (0-05) the lowest.
The whooping-cough death-rates in London in each of the four quarters of the year 1912 were as
follows : first quarter, 0.25 ; second quarter, 031 ; third quarter, 016 ; and the fourth quarter, 0-13.
Generally the reports of medical officers of health contain but slight reference to whooping cough.
In two boroughs, however, the disease has been made notifiable for a period of five years, in Lambeth
from 1st January, 1913, and in Greenwich from 1st June, 1912. During the year the Local Government
Board issued the Metropolitan Asylums (Whooping Cough) Order of the 9th August, 1912, giving
power to the Asylums Board to admit to their hospitals non-pauper cases of whooping cough on the
certificate of the medical officers of health of London sanitary districts, similarly to non-pauper cases
of measles to which reference has already been made. 1,731 cases of whooping cough were admitted
to the Board's hospitals in 1912, and there were 146 deaths, giving a fatality rate of 8-47 per cent. As
with measles, the high death-rate is due to the fact that the cases form a selected class. The association of
whooping cough and measles is commented upon, the two diseases being co-existent in 147 cases admitted
to hospital during 1912. In the case of both diseases, moreover, it is pointed out that the most
frequent complications are broncho-pneumonia and otitis.
There were no deaths from typhus in the Administrative County of London during the year 1912. The death-rates from this disease in successive periods have been as follows:—
|Period.||Death-rate per 1,000 persons living.|
(a) See footnote (c) page 4.