London's Pulse: Medical Officer of Health reports 1848-1972

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Wandsworth 1882

[Report of the Medical Officer of Health for Wandsworth District, The Board of Works (Clapham, Putney, Streatham, Tooting & Wandsworth)]

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56
Epidemic Death-rate.—The followimg table exhibits
the deaths from the seven principal epidemic diseases ;
they are so placed that they may be compared with the
corresponding numbers of the ten preceding years. The
deaths from these diseases during the past year were 74,
and yield a percentage of 13.6 out of a total of 544
deaths, or an annual death-rate of less than 2 per 1,000
of the estimated population.
Years. 1872 1873 1874 1875 1876 1877 1878 1879 1880 1881 |l882
Small-pox 14 — — 2 14 12 3 — 2 7 1
Measles 30 11 20 3 13 5 23 17 19 10 15
Scarlatina 6 2 33 22 13 4 12 12 21 15 26
Diphtheria 33 6 — — 3133 4
Whooping-
cough 25 14 15 17 17 12 29 25 25 13 17
Fever, &c. 11 10 6 2 5 4 5 9 4 3 7
Diarrhoea 39 25 27 22 24 18 26 17 36 20 4
& Cholera — — — — — — 2 — 2 —
Totals 128 65 105 74 86 55 103 81 112 71 74
In the early part of the past year there were seven
deaths registered from typhoid fever; a glance at the
above table will show that typhoid fever has always been
present in this sub-district, indeed more in former
than in later years. A resident occupying a first-class
house had fever in his family, and suspected it came to
him by means of the milk; others who got the fever in
their families thought the same; but in all these cases
where a thorough examination was made of the premises,
it was found that the latter were exceedingly defective.
The first case occurred in a first-class house on Clapham
Common, where, after a searching examination, no defect
was found until the sinks, drains, and sewers were


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