Hints from the Health Department. Leaflet from the archive of the Society of Medical Officers of Health. Credit: Wellcome Collection, London
[Report of the Medical Officer of Health for Strand District, London]
6 ON THE SANITARY CONDITION OF
most, two rooms. It will be noticed also (Table III.) that there
is little alteration in the total number of deaths for 1898, as compared
with the average of the previous four years. In the
absence of any epidemic, this can only be due to the population
remaining fairly constant, or if it be reduced in numbers, to the
substitution of less healthy persons. The births are fewer, but
the birth rate for all London was below the average. From these
considerations I conclude that the population in St. Anne's parish
has undergone little change, and that in the Strand sub.district the
population in the neighbourhood of Clare Market is undergoing
degenerative changes. The population for 1898 may be regarded
as one of 24,400 persons (12,250 for the Strand portion of the
District, 12,150 for St. Anne's parish).
The total number of births registered in the District was 498.
This has to be corrected by the addition of 14 births in Poland
Street Workhouse, and 7 in Edmonton Workhouse, while 3 births
in Bear.yard Workhouse have to be placed to the credit of St.
Martin.in.the.Fields parish, leaving a total of 516 births. The
birth rate is thus 21 "14 per 1,000 inhabitants, as against 23.69
in 1897. The birth rate in London for 1898 was 29.5 per 1,000;
the average of the previous seven years was 30.06.
Table I. shewing the corrected Number of Births (Male and Female) occurring in the Strand District, and each of its Sub. Districts, in the Year ending December 31st, 1898.
|Male.||Female.||Total.||Rate per 1,000 of Population in 1898.||Average Rate per 1,000 in the 7 years 1891.97.|
|1. St. Anne's Sub. District||130||145||275||22.63||25.35|
|2 . Strand Sub.District||124||117||241||19.59||22.06|