London's Pulse: Medical Officer of Health reports 1848-1972

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Strand (Westminster) 1898

[Report of the Medical Officer of Health for Strand District, London]

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He spent two mornings in this District and visited a number of
restaurants, fried-fish shops, ice-cream shops, sausage makers, &c.
The Committee have not yet reported.
Appended to this Report is a Map (prepared by Inspector
Martinson) showing the number of places where food is sold in the Strand District.

They are as follows :—

Strand.St. Anne's.
Number of Restaurants and Coffee Houses6660
„ Licensed Premises and Hotels3626
„ Bakehouses1513
„ Butchers and Fish Shops1510
„ Dairies and Milkshops916

Ice-Cream Manufacture:—Especially deserving of attention
are the conditions under which ice-creams are prepared and kept
before and during sale. Several samples of custard and cream-ices
have been taken during the year. One shop may be taken as
typical of the establishments where cheap ices are manufactured
and sold.
The ground-floor consists of a shop and a back room, where
all the cooking is done, this latter room being also the living room.
In the shop—11 feet 6 inches long, 11 feet wide, and 8 feet high —
the counter extends from end to end. Behind the counter are kept
the ices in their freezing-pails. A door leads from the shop into
the kitchen, which is 12 feet 3 inches long, 11 feet wide, and 8
feet high, and has a good-sized window looking on to the yard
behind. Upstairs there are four bedrooms.
Eight adults and several young children occupy the premises,
the kitchen being the common living room.
The yard, shown in the accompanying photograph, adjoins
the kitchen, and is 8 feet 3 inches long, by 11 feet wide. In one
corner is the water-closet, and in the opposite corner a sink
draining into a gully-trap. From the sink to near the kitchen
door is a shelf, on which a number of unclean kitchen utensils