Hints from the Health Department. Leaflet from the archive of the Society of Medical Officers of Health. Credit: Wellcome Collection, London
[Report of the Medical Officer of Health for Greenwich Borough]
The following table shows the comparative Infantile Mortality Rate for the quinquennial periods since 1931, together with the Rate for 1961:—
|District||Average for Quinquennial Periods||Year 1961|
|1931 to 1935||1936 to 1940||1941 to 1945||1946 to 1950||1951 to 1955||1956 to 1960|
|England and Wales||62||55||50||36||26.9||22.7||21.6|
The actual number of infantile deaths recorded during the
year was 30 (eight more than last year) and these were attributed to
the following causes:—
Prematurity 10 Fibroelastosis 1
Bronchopneumonia 2 Congenital malformation 7
Pulmonary Atelectasis 1 Capillary Bronchitis 3
Fibrocystic Disease of Erythroblastosis 1
Pancreas 1 Placenta Praeira 1
Failure to establish Hyaline Membrane 1
normal respiration 1 Umbilical Sepsis 1
Of the above, 11 were male and 19 female; 10 died in St.
Alfege's Hospital, 3 in the Brook Hospital, 2 in the Miller Hospital,
2 at home and 13 in hospitals and institutions outside the Borough.
Neo-Natal Mortality.—Neo-natal mortality, i.e., infants dying
before attaining the age of one month, accounted for 23 deaths,
equivalent to 76.66% of all infant deaths and giving a Neo-natal
Mortality Rate of 17.72 per 1,000 live births. This compares
with a figure of 15.5 returned for England and Wales. Eighteen of
these neo-natal deaths occurred within the first week of birth, the
main causes being Prematurity and Congenital Malformation.
Perinatal Mortality.—The Perinatal Mortality Rate, calculated
from a total of 48 still births and deaths of infants under 1 week,
was 36.15 per 1.000 total births compared with 22.87 for the previous
year. The equivalent rate for England and Wales is 32.2.
Reproductive Wastage.—A sum total of 60 Stillbirths and
Infantile deaths gives a reproductive wastage rate of 45.18 per
1,000 total births, an increase of 16.00 over the 1960 figure.