London's Pulse: Medical Officer of Health reports 1848-1972

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Port of London 1912

Report for the year ended 31st December 1912 of the Medical Officer of Health for the Port of London

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Article 23.—Suspected ships shall undergo the measures specified in Sections
1, 4, 5 and 6 of Article 22. The crew and passengers may, however, be subjected
to surveillance only for five days, and the crew may be prevented from leaving the ship
except on duty.
Article 24.—Healthy ships from infected ports shall undergo the measures
specified in Section 1 and 4. Rats on board may be destroyed at the option of the
Sanitary Authority.
Article 25.—Healthy ships with rats on board affected with Plague, or where
there has been unusual mortality amongst the rats.
1. Ships with rats on board affected with Plague.
(а) Medical inspection.
(b) Rats must be destroyed.
(c) Infected parts of ships and articles shall be disinfected.
(d) Passengers and crew kept under surveillance for a period of five
days.
2. Ships with unusual mortality amongst rats.
(a) Medical inspection.
(b) Rats shall be examined.
(c) Rats to be destroyed if considered necessary.
(a) Passengers to be kept under surveillance until all suspicion shall
have been removed.
Article 26.—It is recommended that ships should have rats destroyed periodically
at least once every six months.
C.—Measures in Case of Cholera.
Practically the same procedure as in the case of Plague, but no fumigation to destroy
rats is required. The drinking water on board, if suspected, shall be emptied out after
disinfection, and replaced if necessary by a supply of wholesome drinking water. The
emptying of ballast tank in port without previous disinfection may be prohibited.
D.—Measures in Case of Yellow Fever.
Same as in Plague and Cholera, but vessels must be moored at least 200 metres
from the shore and the mosquitoes destroyed, if possible, before unloading the cargo.
The British Delegates declared that the stipulations should not be applicable to the
Possessions or Protectorates of His Majesty, including the Indian Empire.
The Representatives of all the Powers having taken part in the Conference signed
the Convention.
Article 43 recommends that there be provided in large seaports—
(a) A properly organised Port Medical Service, and permanent medical
vision of the health conditions of crews and of the population of the port;
(b) An equipment for the transport of the sick, and suitable accommodation for
their isolation and for keeping suspected persons under observation;


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