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Gilliland, Ian C
Here, Michael Hutt, Professor of Geographical Pathology at St. Thomas' Hospital, London, lectures on the different kinds of diseases associated with different geographical locations and attempts to explain the reasons for these differences.
Segment 1 Gilliland introduces Hutt. Hutt talks about two different kinds of bladder cancer found in different locations of the world. Time start: 00:00:00:00 Time end: 00:04:39:13 Length: 00:04:39:13 Segment 2 Hutt talks about pyomyositis and other bacterial conditions which occur most commonly in certain geographical regions. He shows photographs of a patient with pyomyositis. Time start: 00:04:39:13 Time end: 00:09:50:13 Length: 00:05:11:00 Segment 3 A cartoon illustrating people, time and place is shown. Hutt discusses environmental factors that lead to particular diseases and shows photographs of bird's eye views of various cities. Time start: 00:09:50:13 Time end: 00:14:12:16 Length: 00:04:22:03 Segment 4 Hutt shows photographs of: a nomadic woman in a rural setting in North East Uganda and a hut in an East Ugandan village. A short film is played which shows life in an African village. When the film finishes, Hutt shows slides listing diagnoses of an acutely ill 5-year-old child admitted to hospital in Central Africa. Time start: 00:14:12:16 Time end: 00:20:47:00 Length: 00:06:34:09 Segment 5 Hutt talks about malaria and the abnormalities that result from malarial infection. He shows a photograph of a woman with gross splenomegaly. He discusses the condition and its common features. Time start: 00:20:47:00 Time end: 00:24:29:00 Length: 00:03:42:00 Segment 6 A photograph is shown of a boy with Burkitt's lymphoma. He refers to a map of Uganda and shows a photograph of a mountainous area in Southwest Uganda. He talks about different rates in different countries of carcinoma of the colon. Time start: 00:24:29:00 Time end: 00:29:23:00 Length: 00:04:54:00 Segment 7 A table shows the results of a post morten study of the large bowel for adenomatous polyps, conducted in Uganda, 1964 to 1968. Intestinal transit time in different cultures is also discussed. Time start: 00:29:23:00 Time end: 00:36:58:18 Length: 00:07:35:18
Presented by Professor Hutt, St Thomas's Hospital Medical School, London. Introduced by Dr Ian Gilliland. Film sequence courtesy of Dr Peter Fry. Produced by David Sharp. Made by University of London Audio-Visual Centre. Made for British Postgraduate Medical School.
This video is one of around 310 titles, originally broadcast on Channel 7 of the ILEA closed-circuit television network, given to Wellcome Trust from the University of London Audio-Visual Centre shortly after it closed in the late 1980s. Although some of these programmes might now seem rather out-dated, they probably represent the largest and most diversified body of medical video produced in any British university at this time, and give a comprehensive and fascinating view of the state of medical and surgical research and practice in the 1970s and 1980s, thus constituting a contemporary medical-historical archive of great interest. The lectures mostly take place in a small and intimate studio setting and are often face-to-face. The lecturers use a wide variety of resources to illustrate their points, including film clips, slides, graphs, animated diagrams, charts and tables as well as 3-dimensional models and display boards with movable pieces. Some of the lecturers are telegenic while some are clearly less comfortable about being recorded; all are experts in their field and show great enthusiasm to share both the latest research and the historical context of their specialist areas.
The Scientific Basis of Medicine