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The blind leading the blind. Oil painting after Pieter Bruegel.
Christ's parable, Matthew XV:14 "If the blind lead the blind, both shall fall into the ditch". The eye conditions have been identified with disease-names as follows: (left to right) pemphigoid, (not identifiable), phthisis bulbi, corneal leucoma, enucleation. For discussion as to whether such medical matters are compatible with the spiritual theme of the painting, see Richter, loc. cit.
Probably a 17th-century copy of the picture painted by Pieter Bruegel in 1568 and now in the Museo Nazionale di Capodimonte, Naples. Many of his compositions were repeated throughout the 16th and 17th centuries by his son Pieter Brueghel and other painters, though "The blind leading the blind" was copied relatively seldom, perhaps because it had left Flanders for Italy too early for Pieter Brueghel to copy: it was in Parma by 1611, in which year it was confiscated by the Farnese (Grossmann, loc. cit.). Other copies are in the Musée du Louvre and the Fürstlich Liechtenstein'sche Gemälde-Galerie, in addition to those which have been offered for sale by auction.
Wellcome Library no. 44699i