Mid 15th Century
Pseudo-Galen, Anatomia, in English
Written in a larger clear gothic hands, 16 lines to a page.
1. ff. 1r-41r Pseudo-Galen, Anathomia
f. His incipit liber uenerabilem Anotomeum [sic] secundum Galieleni [sic]. Ffyrst of the brane and the hede and membres beyng aboute them or yn them. Sothly the brayn ys soyft yn hys substance... f. 41r ... and [th]e same manner after the/goyng forth. In [th]ese membrys.
2. 41v Quoniam membrorum hu/mani corporis ponens [sic for 'psitiones']/omnino ignorate erant/placuit ueteris [sic] mdi/cis maxime galieno. ut per anathomias/brutorum illii [sic for 'animalium'] interiorum membrorum positiones/manifestarentur... line 13... Porcum/in uersum debes ponere.
3. 42r ANathonia Galieni./ffor knawyng of the ynner/lynies of a mannys body/... 48v (De anathomia venarum)... vena ramosa./for al veynes beth gendryd of hyre what/eur beth yn a body to be nurshyd.
4. 49v-53 The eight coloured illustrations:
49v Nude made figure flesh tinted front view.
50 Nude male figure flesh tinted back view.
50v Human skeleton front view. In black (rubbed).
51 Human skeleton back view. In back.
51v 'Muscle man' in red and black: fron view
52 'Muscle mean' in red and black: back view
52v Pregnant woman, seated legs apart, flesh tinted.
53v 'Wound man': flesh tinted: weapons coloured.
The two skeletons, and the two 'muscle men' have no legends, the other four have legends in Latin.
There are a few marginal notes by a16th cent. owner-mostly anatomical terms.
The text is very considerably abridged, and does not appear to agree with the recorded versions, and this is particularly true of the first work.
The illustrations, though of poor quality, are of interest as being the prototypes of those found in Ketham's Fasciculus medicinae, first printed in 1491.
Large illuminated initials in gold and colours, with marginal leaf and feather ornaments on fff. 1, 29, 37, 41v, 42, 48, 48v. Smaller capitals in gold and colours, with marginal spray ornament on ff. 4v, 5, 6v, 7v, 8v, 9, 9v, 11v, 12v (2), 13v (3), 14v, 17, 18, 18v, 19, 19v, 20, 20v, 21, 21v, 22v, 23, 25(2), 25v, 26v, 27v, 28, 31, 32, 33v, 36, 40. Chapter headings in red: paragraph marks on an unusual from (in alternate gold and blue on a red ground.