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Local history: East Anglia and Essex, England

This guide highlights primary source material from the Archives and Manuscripts Collection, relating to the local history of Essex, Norfolk and Suffolk. It includes information about local families, individuals and organisations.

Essex, Norfolk, Suffolk.

Bacon family, Shrubland Hall, Suffolk
Deeds (copies of court rolls) relating to land at Redenhall, Norfolk, acquired by Francis Bacon. Mid-16th century-late 17th century.
Reference: MS.6079

Abdy family, Essex
Letters, plus brewing and wine accounts from the family seat of Albyns in Essex, 1664-1749.
Reference: MS.812

Benjamin Allen (1663-1738), physician and naturalist, Braintree, Essex
Notes on his observations in comparative anatomy, 1693-5, no date. 
Reference: MS.5635

Repps family, Norfolk
Recipe book, most of the named sources of recipes having Norfolk connections. Early 18th century.
Reference: MS.7788

Great Dunmow, Essex
Medical notebook by an anonymous practitioner in the Great Dunmow area, 1704-6 and no date. 
Reference: MS.6991

Sir Benjamin Wright[e] (died 1706), Cranham Hall, Brentwood, Essex
Letters patent granting custody of Sir Benjamin Wright[e], a lunatic, to Sir Benjamin Hudson (matriculated Cambridge, 1683), and the management of his estate to his son Nathan Wright[e] (died 1727) and to Hudson, 1705.
Reference: MS.7467

Elizabeth Prayes (alive around 1719), midwife, Brandon, Suffolk
Certificate issued by diocesan authorities, certified by Matthew Goodrich (1688-1742), Rector of Brandon, 1719.
Reference: MS.3544/8

Thomas King (died 1737), schoolmaster, Norfolk
Letter book, begun by King while at Yarmouth and continued by his wife Lydia King at Norwich and elsewhere, 1719-45 and no date. 
Reference: MS.5313

Timothy Sheldrake MD (alive around 1740-1756), Norwich
Commonplace book, c.1740.
Reference: MS.4518

John Murray MD (1720-1792) of Wells and Norwich, Norfolk, ship's surgeon
Commonplace book including meteorological and medical observations taken in Norfolk, 1751/2-9.
Reference: MS. 7840

Recipe book, probably originating in Essex
Medical recipes, extracts and cuttings including one from the Chelmsford Chronicle (1818), 1785-1818.
Reference: MS.3656

Naval provisioning
Orders from the Commissioners of the Victualling Board to Thomas Pitt and Samuel Lewes, victualling agents at Yarmouth, Norfolk, for the supply of His Majesty's ships, 1796-1802.
Reference: MSS.6814-5

Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson (1758-1805), naval commander
Facsimile of letter from Nelson to the Mayor of Norwich in, 1797, presenting a Spanish Admiral's sword captured at St Vincent, no date. 
Reference: MS.7362/4

Richard Paxton (alive around 1753-1799), surgeon, Maldon, Essex
Casebook, including material on his acrimonious partnership with Dr John Thorp of Maldon (1797-1799), 1799.
Reference: MS.3820

Bethel Hospital, Norwich
Receipt, printed with manuscript additions, of money for the maintenance of William Nixon, 1813.
Reference: MS.7280/1

Emily Harriott Jermyn (1793-1824), botanist, Sibton, Suffolk, daughter of Suffolk antiquary Henry Jermyn
Notes on botany, 1818.
Reference: MSS.3074-7

John Green Crosse (1790-1850), surgeon to Norfolk and Norwich Hospital
Obstetrical casebooks, 1819-25 and, 1833-43.
Reference: MS.1916-7

Notebook recording patients admitted by Crosse to the hospital, 1849-50.
Reference: MS.5675

Robert Hull (1795-1856), physician to the Norwich Hospital
Notes, including case-notes, c.1820-47.
Reference: MSS.2956-7

Thomas Telford (1757-1834), engineer
Letter mentioning locks on the Rivers Cam and Lark (Mildenhall River), 1820.
Reference: MS.7690/2

Horatio Goodday, Terling, Essex
Indenture apprenticing Goodday to George Fincham, apothecary, of Spring Gardens (London), 1822.
Reference: MS.7277/1

Transportation
Warrant signed by the King authorising removal of named convicts from gaols in Suffolk, Ipswich (listed separately from Suffolk), Norfolk and Cornwall, and from the Old Bailey in London, to the hulks at Portsmouth prior to transportation to Australia, 1823.
Reference: MS.7830/14

Fleetwood Buckle (1841-1917), naval surgeon
Album, including numerous voting slips relating to his appointment as House Surgeon at the West Norfolk and Lynn Hospital, 1863-1864, 1824-65 and no date. 
Reference: MS.5656

Gurney family, Norwich
Hodgkin family archive includes correspondence with various members of the Gurney family. See 'General' section.
Reference: PP/HO

Joseph Thomas Clover FRCS (1825-1882), anaesthetist
Papers include: mathematical copy-book commenced by Clover at Gray Friars' Priory School, Norwich, 1838.
Reference: MS.6944

Certificates from Gray Friars' Priory School, Norwich, 1837-1838.
Reference: MS.6951/1-2

Case notes and records of post-mortem examinations, including a post-mortem on Edward Lubbock MD (1805-47) of Norwich, 1842-53 and no date. 
Reference: MS.6946

Norwich Free Hospital for Incurables
Message of support for the proposed hospital, signed by many important medical men. Mid-19th century (during J A Paris' Presidency of the Royal College of Physicians, 1844-1856).
Reference: MS.7326/8

Thurston family, Ipswich
Two letters, 1854 and no date. 
Reference: MS.7734/54-55

Charles Williams (1829-1907), House-Surgeon, Norfolk and Norwich Hospital
Commonplace book, c.1854-78.
Reference: MS.8638

Octavius William Hoffman MRCS (alive around 1854-1899), Poor Law Medical Officer in Suffolk then in Herefordshire
Testimonials and other papers, 1854-84.
Reference: MS.7149

Thomas Joseph Pettigrew FRS (1791-1865), specialist in medical jurisprudence
Paper on the Norfolk rebellion of Robert Kett (died 1549), read to the British Archaeological Association, 1857.
Reference: MS.3867

B Scott (alive around 1862), chemist, North Walsham, Norfolk
Invoice, 1862.
Reference: MS.7578/47

Great Yarmouth Gas Company
Order from the Company to pay a sum of money to Lady Pleasance Smith (1773-1877), 1874.
Reference: MS.7641/11

James Murie MD (1832-1925), Leigh-on-Sea (previously member of expedition to relieve Speke and Grant in Central Africa)
Papers including medical certificate for a worker at Messrs Kynoch, Stanford-le-Hope, and letters from the secretary of the Essex Field Club, 1882-1916.
Reference: MS.3655

Queen’s Nursing Institute
Records of relations with affiliated local branches, 1890s-1970s; some deposited material from local district nursing associations.
Reference: SA/QNI

Walter John Payne (alive around 1880-1900), builder, carpenter and carter, Fobbing, Essex
Recipes for human and veterinary medicine (reproduction of item held at Essex County Record Office) Original item, c.1899.
Reference: MS.8501

British Medical Association
Material on Public Medical Services in all areas of the UK, also on specific local friendly/medical aid societies, medical institutions, etc 1910s-60s.
Reference: SA/BMA

Severalls Mental Hospital, Essex
Taped interviews (and transcripts) with former staff and inmates, plus associated materials, 1905-98, collected by Dr Diana Gittins for her book Madness in its Place (London: Routledge, 1998).
Reference: GC/244

Walter Pickett Turner MD (died 1934), Leytonstone
Notes for lectures, including one on Epping Forest, c.1905.
Reference: MS.4882

Grantly Dick-Read (1890-1959)
Correspondence to and from his family living in East Anglia, 1905-42.
Reference: PP/GDR/A

Chartered Society of Physiotherapy
Photographs of Massage Department, King George’s Hospital, Ilford, c.1916.
Reference: SA/QNI/Q.1

Florence Jane Watkins (alive around 1916-1919)
Papers documenting service as a VAD nurse during the First World War, including certificates recording work at Finborough, Newmarket and West Suffolk General Hospitals, 1916-9 and no date. 
Reference: MS.7891

Sir Thomas Lewis (1881-1945)
Material on training of US medical officers at Colchester Military Hospital, 1917-8.
Reference: PP/LEW/C.1/4-8

Society of Medical Officers of Health
Records of Eastern Branch, East Anglian Branch and East Anglian Region, 1921-72,  and Home Counties, later London and Home Counties Branch and Thames Regions, 1965-81.
Reference: SA/SMO/N.3-5

Medical Women’s Federation
Material on Nayland Sanatorium and Dr Jane Walker, 1920s-50s. Correspondence with local Associations, 1960s-80s.
Reference: SA/MWF

Family Planning Association (formerly National Birth Control Association)
Records of its dealings with its own regional federations, area organisation, local branches and clinics, correspondence with local authorities, 1930-74. Records of its regional administration, 1965-1991. Historical note on Southend branch, 1974.
Reference: SA/FPA

National Birthday Trust Fund
Correspondence relating to experimental distribution of Ambrosia Milk Food to expectant mothers in Pitsea, 1937-8; file relating to Lady Rhys-Williams’ involvement in Gosfield Hall Appeal, 1954.
Reference: SA/NBT/T.10/2/2, U.14/6

Norwich Chemist
`Poison book', 1933-52.
Reference: GC/29

S Ruthven Mackay: Register of Dangerous Drugs Purchased and Supplied
Register of dangerous drugs purchased by and dispensed in his Southend general practice, 1938-75.
Reference: GP/65

Mental Aftercare Association
Material (including photographs) on residential homes and hostels  for former mental patients in Braintree and Loughton, Essex, and  Ipswich and Woodbridge, Suffolk, 1944-90.
Reference: SA/MAC

Harold Burnett Hewitt (born 1915)
Biographical memoir includes post at Colchester Military Hospital, 1945.
Reference: GC/222

Multiple Sclerosis Society
Files on Association of Essex Branches, the Mid-Essex, North East Essex and South East Essex Groups, and on specific local branches in Essex, Norfolk and Suffolk, 1950s-70s.
Reference: SA/MSS/C

Sir Graham Selby  Wilson (1895-1987)
Photographs of Norwich Public Health Laboratory, c.1954.
Reference: PP/GSW/H.15

Sidney Chave
Notebooks of his PhD study of mental health in Harlow New Town, published (with Lord Taylor), as Mental Health and Environment in, 1964; other papers and publications concerning, 1957-66.
Reference: GC/178

Travelling Surgical Society
Visits to Norwich, 1961, 1984 (Diamond Jubilee), and Bury St Edmunds, 1993.
Reference: SA/TSS

Sir Robert Macintosh (1897-1989)
Travel diary to vist to Southend for British Dental Association meeting, 1963.
Reference: PP/RRM/C.72

Birth Control Campaign
File of Chelmsford local group, 1972-3.
Reference: SA/BCC/A.27

ECHS: European Collaborative Hospitals/Health Service Study
Colchester was one of the regional centres for comparing the input and outcome of Health Services in different European countries, 1980-95.
Reference: GC/191

ASH (Action on Smoking and Health)
Norfolk Branch, 1980-8.
Reference: SA/ASH/E.1/1

Alice Mary Stewart
Files relating to interaction with local groups and individuals concerned about the environment and issues to do with low-level radiation, 1980s-90s.
Reference: PP/AMS

BACUP (British Association of Cancer United Patients and their Family and Friends)
Press cuttings relating to Norwich free helpline, 1989.
Reference: SA/BAC/M.6/1

Oral History of General Practice, 1935-52
Tapes and transcripts of interviews with Walter Taylor, West Suffolk; Roger Sauvan-Smith, Colchester; Norman Paros, Colchester; Arnold Elliott, Ilford; Arnold Briscoe, Woodbridge; Leonard Cane, Bungay; Arthur Douglas-Jones, Norwich; Norman Eastwood, Lowestoft, 1992-4.
Reference: GP/29

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